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Table 1 Investigated African and South Asian Cichlids. n, number of analyzed animals; cr, chromosomes; st/a, subtelocentric/acrocentric; m/sm, meta/submetacentric; 1B, one B chromosome detected; 2B, two B chromosomes detected.

From: Chromosome differentiation patterns during cichlid fish evolution

Subfamilies, Major groups and species Origin n Karyotypic formulae 2n rDNA sites
Etroplinae      
Etroplus maculatus Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 03 18m/sm+18st/a+10micro 46 2cr, m/sm
Pseu d ocrenilabrinae      
Tilapiines      
Oreochromis aureus Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 03 2m/sm+42st/a 44 2cr, st/a
Oreochromis mossambicus Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 04 4m/sm+40st/a 44 3cr, st/a
Oreochromis niloticus Tietê river, Botucatu, SP, Brazil CAUNESP, Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil; Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 22 2m/sm+42st/a 44 6cr, st/a
Oreochromis tanganicae Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 01 2m/sm+42st/a 44  
Tilapia mariae Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 02 8m/sm+32st/a 40 2cr, st/a
Tilapia mamfe Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 01 10m/sm+34st/a 44  
Haplochromines      
Astatotilapia burtoni Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 03 14m/sm+26st/a 40 2cr, st/a
Aulonocara baenschi Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 03 12m/sm+32st/a 44  
Cynotilapia afra Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 01 14m/sm+30st/a 44  
Gephyrochromis moorii Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 03 14m/sm+30st/a 44  
Haplochromis livingstonii Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 01 14m/sm+30st/a 44  
Haplochromis obliquidens Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 96 12m/sm+32st/a, 1B or 2B 44 4cr, st/a
Labeotropheus trewavase Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA; Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 01 10m/sm+34st/a 44 2cr, st/a
Melanochromis auratus Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA; Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 02 10m/sm+34st/a 44 2cr, st/a
Metriaclima barlowi Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 06 14m/sm+30st/a 44 2cr, st/a
Metriaclima gold zebra Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 04 12m/sm+32st/a 44 2cr, st/a
Metriaclima lombardoi Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA; Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 22 14m/sm+30st/a, 1B 44 2cr, st/a
Metriaclima pyrsonotus Aquac. Facility, UMD, USA 08 14m/sm+30st/a 44  
Pseudotropheus tropheops Petshop, Botucatu, SP Brazil 01 14m/sm+30st/a 44  
Pseudotropheus zebra Petshop, Botucatu, SP Brazil 01 14m/sm+30st/a 44  
Pseudotropheus sp Petshop, Botucatu, SP Brazil 01 14m/sm+30st/a 44  
Hemichromines      
Hemichromis bimaculatus Petshop, Botucatu, SP, Brazil 01 4m/sm+40st/a 44 2cr, st/a